If you’re looking for nutritious vegetables to eat, you need this list of cruciferous vegetables for your diet food plan. The nutrients in them can help prevent cancer and relieve chronic pain. They can even be recommended to people with hyperthyroidism. People with hypothyroidism can eat them, too, if cooked and if their doctors recommend.
List of Cruciferous Vegetables and Their Benefits
Broccoli will usually come up first on any list of cruciferous vegetables because of its many health benefits. Its glutathione content makes it an antioxidant, and its vitamin C content boosts the immune system. Its high fiber content helps prevent chronic diseases.
Cauliflower is a vegetable rich in phytochemicals and anti-inflammatory compounds. It is also a great low calorie and low carbohydrate alternative for patients who eat white rice as a staple food.
Kale is rich in vitamins A, C, and K. It provides health benefits such as detoxification, cancer prevention, and heart support. It prevents tissue inflammation and helps brain developments in infants.
4. Brussels Sprouts
Brussel sprouts aid in healthy digestion and cancer prevention. They also have high protein contents.
Turnips are root vegetables high in vitamin C. They are also great sources of calcium, folate, and vitamins A and K.
Radishes are commonly used as side dishes. They are also favorite salad and main course ingredients. Radishes are alkaline-forming foods that help manage weight and body pH.
7. Bok Choy
Bok choy is a nutrient-dense vegetable with low-calorie content. It is also known to be a cancer-preventing vegetable.
8. Red Cabbage
The green cabbage is a great cruciferous vegetable but the red cabbage is healthier. The latter aids in gut-healing. It can help relieve irritable bowel syndrome or IBS symptoms and prevent constipation.
Arugula is one of the best antioxidants for your thyroid diet. It also helps improve heart health and lowers inflammation by reducing oxidative stress. It is a cruciferous vegetable rich in folate and vitamins A and K.
Daikon is more commonly known as winter radish. It is low in calories but high in vitamin C. It also has the active enzyme myrosinase.
11. Collard Greens
These loof-leafed plants are closely related to the cabbage, broccoli, and kale family. What makes them unique, though, is the sulfur content which supports detoxification. They are also great sources of vitamins A, C, and K.
12. Garden Cress
Garden cress is a shrub used in salads or as a culinary herb. It has a spicy aroma and a peppery taste. In this list of cruciferous vegetables, garden cress has one of the highest iodine contents. This nature makes it great for patients with hypothyroidism.
You can complete your daily intake of vitamin C with just a cup of kohlrabi. It tastes like a broccoli stem but sweeter and milder.
14. Mustard Seeds and Leaves
Mustard is another superfood on this list of cruciferous vegetables. It has a peppery flavor. It is low in calories but is filled with fiber, minerals, vitamins, and phytonutrients.
This root vegetable is high potassium, vitamin C, and fiber. It is full of flavor but is low in calories. It is even fat-free. You can eat it pickled, baked, roasted, steamed, sauteed, or even raw. Its leaves are also edible.
Wasabi is a pungent root with a strong spicy flavor. It is filled with sulfur-containing phytochemicals that are great for cancer prevention and chronic pain relief.
Watercress is sometimes referred to as a powerhouse vegetable because of its many nutrient contents. Among these contents are enzymes, antioxidants, minerals, and vitamins. All help reduce the risk of cancer.
People use maca to boost vitality and fertility. It is also great for patients with hypothyroidism because of its antioxidant properties. It can protect the cells from oxidative stress and get rid of free radicals.
Mizuna can help with more than your thyroid condition. It can also help with weight loss because of its low-calorie content. This type of mustard green is a common ingredient in pasta dishes, salads, and stews.
Rapini belongs to the broccoli family. Rapini has a great resemblance with broccoli but rapini has a longer and slimmer shape. It is filled with calcium, potassium, magnesium, zinc, iron, calcium, omega-3 fatty acid, and vitamins A, B, C, and K.
21. Choy Sum
Choy sum is a leafy green vegetable commonly used in Chinese cuisine. This cruciferous vegetable is a great source of fiber, potassium, iron, folate, and vitamins A and C.
Watch this video from Dr. Eric Berg DC to find out more about how cruciferous vegetables in your diet can affect your thyroid condition:
Most cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be found in a variety of recipes. This list of cruciferous vegetables gives nutritious options to add to your everyday meals. Make sure to consult with your dietician before changing your thyroid diet.
Which of these cruciferous vegetables do you include in your diet? Mention them in the comments section below!
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