Here’s a list of foods you should and shouldn’t include in your Hashimoto diet to avoid complications.
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Foods to Include and Not to Include in a Hashimoto Diet
Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis Definition: Also called lymphocytic thyroiditis, Hashimoto’s disease is an autoimmune disorder where the immune system attacks the thyroid, leading to its inflammation.
What to Include in Your Hashimoto Diet
1. Foods High in B12
Vitamin B12 helps in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. When a person suffers from Hashimoto’s disease, its function is interrupted as the condition itself leads to poor extraction of vitamins and minerals, including B12, resulting in vitamin deficiency.
To increase the level of vitamin B12 in your body, you can eat foods like sardines, cheeses, low-fat milk, fortified cereals, eggs, salmon, nutritional yeast, and grass-fed beef.
2. Foods High in Iodine
Iodine is a mineral responsible for the hormone production of your thyroid. Deficiency of the mineral can lead to diseases like goiter, thyroid enlargement, and hypothyroidism. Keeping the correct daily intake of iodine (150 mcg) in your body will help stabilize its production and function. You may consume strawberries, navy beans, yogurt, cranberries, sea vegetables (kombu, arame, seaweed, and kelp), and table salt.
3. Foods Rich in Zinc
Zinc is a trace mineral that is important for the synthesis of a person’s thyroid hormones, and the lack of this mineral can lead to hypothyroidism. To get more zinc in your body, you can eat kefir, spinach, pumpkin, cashews, and chickpeas.
4. Foods Packed with Selenium
Selenium has the same function as zinc for your thyroid, but this nutrient is also needed to protect the gland from oxidative stress, where Hashimoto’s disease can increase it. You can eat oysters, cremini mushrooms, sunflower, and Brazil nuts to get a few days supply of selenium.
Part of the development of Hashimoto’s disease is a leaky gut, and collagen protects your intestinal lining. It supports the gut barrier with glutamine and glycine, preventing bacterial adhesion. As your body ages, the supply of collagen decreases, preventing your body from repairing the intestinal lining, digesting properly, and reducing gut inflammation.
You can get collagen from chicken skin, fish skin, and bone broth.
6. Fermented Foods
Fermented foods promote good bacteria in the gut and eliminate the bad ones. They also give healing benefits to your thyroid, help in the absorption of essential nutrients into the bloodstream, and aid in digestion. These foods are kimchee, pickled veggies, and sauerkraut.
Probiotics are good bacteria needed for your immune health and digestive system. You can take probiotic supplements, but you can also get them from yogurt.
Note: In consuming yogurt, it is important to get the natural kind because it has less sugar.
What Not to Include in Your Hashimoto Diet
Gluten promotes increased intestinal permeability as it affects zonulin (responsible for regulating the small intestine’s tight junctions), leading to a leaky gut. If you remove gluten from your Hashimoto disease diet, your body increases its ability to absorb nutrients and reduces intestinal inflammation. With that said, it’s best to check labels before purchasing products.
9. Excessive Amounts of Omega-6 Foods
Your body requires a balance of omega-3 and omega-6 for inflammation reduction and promotion, respectively. The problem happens with imbalance — consuming more omega-6 fats, which can worsen a thyroid condition. Avoid vegetable oils and corn-fed beef as these contain high amounts of omega-6.
Soy contains goitrogens that can be damaging to those with Hashimoto’s disease. Heat doesn’t remove or destroy them. In some cases, consuming soy leads to thyroid crash, leaving the patient exhausted and feeling drained the following day after consumption. Avoid eating soybeans or taking anything with soy.
11. Canola Oil
Canola oil is also another goitrogen. It’s highly refined and processed and is commonly present in processed foods, like margarine, mayonnaise, and salad dressings. Carefully read labels on the products you’ll be purchasing and opt for healthier oil varieties.
Here are some additional foods to eat from Dr. Owl if you have Hashimoto’s disease:
With this list of foods to eat and not to eat, you can keep your Hashimoto diet on the right track. But, it’s still important to consult your physician for proper guidance. Diet and lifestyle greatly affect how thyroid medications are processed in the body.
How do you maintain your Hashimoto diet? Share some tips with us in the comments section!
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